City overview
Shenzhen is located in the southern portion of the Guangdong Province, on the eastern shore of the Pearl River Delta. The municipality covers an area of 2,050 km² (790 sq. miles) including urban and rural areas, with a total population of 8,615,500, at the end of 2007. Among those, 2,123,800 had legal permanent residence.
 
History
The one-time fishing village of Shenzhen was singled out by late Chinese paramount leader Deng Xiaoping to be the first of the Special Economic Zones (SEZ) in China. It was formally established in 1979 due to its proximity to Hong Kong, then a prosperous British territory. The SEZ was created to be an experimental ground of capitalism in "socialism with Chinese characteristics".
 
Climate
In shenzhen, spring is cool and pleasant with average temperatures running between about 17ºC and 23ºC (63ºF-73ºF). Summer is hot and very humid, with average high temperatures from June through September running to 30ºC (91ºF) and humidity that hovers around 90%. Typhoon season lasts from May to September and frequent downpours are common. Fall brings mild weather with averages between the low to mid 20sºC (70sºF) and clear skies. Winter is dry and can get chilly, averaging 17ºC (62ºF) with temperatures occasionally dipping into the mid-teens Centigrade (mid-50sºF). The best time to visit Shenzhen is in the spring and fall, when the weather is pleasant and the rain less frequent.
 
Transportation
Shenzhen can be reached by air, train, sea, or road. Shenzhen Bao'an International Airport is 35 kilometers from central Shenzhen and connects the city with many other parts of China, and serves some international destinations. It is normally cheaper for people based in Hong Kong to fly to Mainland Chinese destinations from Shenzhen rather than from Hong Kong, and it is usually cheaper for those based in southern Mainland China to fly out of Hong Kong to international destinations. Shenzhen Railway Station is located at the junction of Jianshe Lu, Heping Lu and Renmin Nan Lu and provides links to different parts of China. There are frequent high speed trains to Guangzhou, plus long-distance trains to Beijing, Shanghai, Changsha, Jiujiang, Maoming, Shantou and other destinations. Shenzhen Railway Station is located at the junction of Jianshe Lu, Heping Lu and Renmin Nan Lu and provides links to different parts of China. There are frequent high speed trains to Guangzhou, plus long-distance trains to Beijing, Shanghai, Changsha, Jiujiang, Maoming, Shantou and other destinations. The Shenzhen Metro system opened on 27 December 2004. It has two lines, one from Luohu (Lo Wu & Shenzhen railway stations) to Window of the World, and the other from Futian kouan to Shaonian gong (youth palace). Shenzhen is also connected by fast ferries linking Shekou, on the west edge of the SEZ with Zhuhai, Macau, Hong Kong International Airport, Kowloon, and Hong Kong Island. Since February 2003, the road border crossing at Huanggang and Lok Ma Chau in Hong Kong has been open 24 hours a day. The journey can be made by private vehicle or by bus.
 
Economy
Shenzhen's GDP totaled CNY 780.65 billion in 2008, up by 12.1 percent over the previous year. Its economy grew by 16.3 percent yearly from 2001 to 2005 on average. The proportion of the primary industry to GDP was down by 13.4%, and the tertiary industry was up by 12.5%. Shenzhen is in the top ranks among mainland Chinese cities in terms of comprehensive economic power. It ranked fourth in GDP among mainland Chinese cities in 2001, while it ranked the top in GDP per capita during the same period. Its import and export volumes have been first for the last nine consecutive years. It is the second in terms of industrial output. For five consecutive years, its internal revenue within local budget ranks third. It also ranks third in the use of foreign capital.
 
Prospect
Shenzhen has set a goal of building a garden city while enhancing its role as a regional economic center close to Hong Kong. Shenzhen is being transformed into a high tech and new technology center, industrial center within China, a regional financial center, an information center, a trading center, a transportation center and tourism destination and it is fast achieving these goals.
2012 China University Ranking
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