City overview
City Impression
China’s heart
Ancient and fashionable
3---The global ranking of urban income
6---One city possessing six world cultural heritages
3,000---The history of Beijing
147,000,000---The number of received tourists per year
4,400,000,000---The total number of global audiences in Beijing Olympic Games
Geography and Climate
Beijing is located in the northern end of North China Plain. Southeast local regions are connected with Tianjin. The rest is surrounded by Hebei province. The city area is 16,411 square kilometers. The urban area is 1,368 square kilometers. The city's permanent population is 1,695 million people. It is secondary to Shanghai in the inland. Beijing has a typical monsoon climate with warm and semi-humid weather. Hot and rainy in the summer while cold and dry in the winter. Spring and autumn is short.
History Evolution
As early as the Western Zhou Dynasty in 1046, King Wu proclaimed that Beijing and the surrounding area are named Yan, the capital is located in LiuLihe town which belongs to Fangshan District of Beijing. These sites are still there. Qin Dynasty set Beijing as Jixian. In 1153, Jin emperor built his capital in Beijing officially. (This is considered as a starting point to compute the history of Beijing as a capital) Since then the capital of Yuan Dynasty and Qing Dynasty were both established here. In Yongle reign of Ming Dynasty, in order to defense Mongolian Army conveniently, Yongle Emperor Zhu Li moved the capital to Beijing. Since then, Beijing has become the new capital of the Ming Dynast. In the early year of Ming Dynasty, the capital was moved to YingTianFu (now Nanjing). Dadu road was renamed as Peking House in August of the first year of Hongwu. In October of the same year, it was transferred to Shandong province for the military needs. In the March of the next year of Hongwu, it was changed to Peking Chengxuan administrative commissioner's resident. Yan Wang ZhuLi won the throne after the JingNan incident and then renamed Peking to Bejing In the first year of Yongle. This is what we call XINGZAI (where a city is not the capital, but the emperor lives there, we call it XINGZAI) What's more, they are in the Permanent Mission. From that moment, Beijing got its name nowadays. On 31 January 1949, General Fu Tso-yi reached a peace agreement with the Chinese Communist Party, and led 250,000 Kuomintang armies to convert to Chinese Communist Party. People's Liberation Army surged forward into the Peiping municipal and achieved the liberation of Beijing. On 27 September of the same year, the CPPCC adopted the resolution about China’s Capital, Calendar, National Anthem and National Flag of the People's Republic by the First Plenary Session. Peking renamed Beijing.
Old Beijing
In order to truly experience the authentic old Beijing, we really need to get deep into the alley, sitting in the courtyard, making a cup of tea and listening attentively to Beijingers' chitchat.
Peking Opera is one of Operas forming in Beijing. So far, it has nearly two hundred years history. Based on Hui stressed and the Han opera, it formed in the gradual evolution with absorption the advantages and strong points of the Kun Opera, Qin Opera and some other Chinese operas. Peking opera is specialized in the performance of the historical themes of political and military struggle. Most of the stories are from the Historical Romance and fiction. Peking Opera singing gently, actors looking handsome, costumes gorgeous, makeup refined elegance, all of these make opera as China's cultural legacy undoubtedly.
Courtyard and the Alley
Alley is a unique ancient city lane in Beijing. In Beijing, there are tens of thousands of lanes. They are around the Forbidden City and the surroundings. Most of them formed in three dynasty of China's history, that is, Yuan, Ming and Qing dynasty. The pattern of Beijing Hutong is neat and broad. It is also smooth, vertical and horizontal. The extremely traditional feature makes Beijing like a big chess board. Hutong is the urban context, traffic channels and people’s living dependence. They pass streets with attached avenues. Creating the world outside and living and working in peace and contentment inside Display the imprints of life of Beijingers.
If you want to understand the alley truly, you should pass through alleys and approach in the antique courtyard. It is the Main Building surrounding with alleys. The old Beijing, in addition to the Royal enclosed grounds for Emperors' amusement, temples, altars and Palaces, large numbers of people's housing residences are innumerable courtyards. Surrounding houses get together to supply a "mouth" shape. Commonly, Walls and housing next to streets do not open the window. The environment inside is enclosed and quiet. You can not feel this kind of tranquil leisure and the close harmony with people in the concrete jungle of modern society.
Modern Development
With deep historical and culture heritage, today's Beijing is full of ancient and young attitude to meet the challenges. With the thick and the long history, the new Beijing shows a unique double charm conferred by the modern urban atmosphere. She bestows intoxication to each one who approaches her, touch her and feel her.
The Olympic Games
This is a proud word, memorable precious memories. The magnificent opening ceremony, the stadium full of passion, and the graceful tears with playing anthem are so vivid in our memories. Olympic Games not only show the Chinese people's strength, wisdom and passion, but also make Beijing's international reputation louder. The post-Olympic effects brought by the Beijing Olympic Games advance China's economic development and increase the international impact.
Living Environment
Beijing has the bustling that metropolis should have, it also has a unique charm and great tolerance that other metropolis do not have. This is the specialty which is superior to other cities. In modern civilization, not losing the royal style in bones is what Beijing pursues. Living in Beijing is really a happy thing. You can go to the old Imperial City to feel nostalgia, or go to Wang Fu Jing for shopping safari, you can go Hou hai café and bar, or listen to rowing sound in ecstasy. In short, Beijing is a city both ancient and modern, joys and sorrows, subject and ridicule. It never goes without a heavy Beijing flavor. That is a feeling that every Beijinger can not let go.
2012 China University Ranking
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