City overview
Jingdezhen is a prefecture-level city, previously a town, in Jiangxi Province, China, with a city population of 311,200 (estimate 2006) has been termed the "Porcelain Capital" because of its production of quality pottery. It has a 1700-year-old history of pottery production.
General Information
Jingdezhen is in northeastern Jiangxi and neighbours Anhui. Its area is 5,246 km² with a population of 1,499,200. The highest point is 1,618-metre, with plains on the southern part with the average height of 200 meters. It produces kaolinite, coal, manganese, and lime.
Location: satiated on the eastern bank of the Yangtze River
Neighboring Areas: Zhejiang, Fujian, Guangdong, Hunan, Hubei, and Anhui provinces
Physical Features: situated in the tropical hill area; topography descending from the northeast to southwest, most area in northeast and northwest dominated by mountains, and southeast and southwest by hills with mere latitude of 200 meters. Chang River and Le'an River - part of the water system of Boyang Lake, crossing the region from north to south.
Climatic Features: located in subtropical zone; featured the damp monsoon climate with 4 distinct seasons, sufficient sunlight and rainfall, long frost-free period
Population: 1.49 million
Urban Population: 400,000
Area: 5,248 square kilometers
History and Culture
Known as the "porcelain city", with a history of 1700 years porcelain-making, Jingdezhen was originally Changnan Town and renamed Southern Song Dynasty after an emperor's era name, during whose ruling period its production was most recognized.
In the 19th century, Jingde Town became a county (Jingde County). Under the People's Republic of China, it became a provincial city (county-level), whose name incorporates the entire expression "Jingde Town": Jingdezhen City Usually when a town is upgraded to a city, "Town" is replaced by "City" (it would be "Jingde City" in this case). The retaining of "Town" is mainly for ease of recognizing its famous history.
Traditional Woodblock: Painting of the CupsJingde Town had been under the Fuliang Countyin most of the dynastic history (and completely so when it was Changnan Town). But now the administration hierarchy is inverted, with Fuliang County being under the Jingde Town City. It produces the Products of tea, silkworm, paddy, soybean, wheat, peanut, cotton, rapeseed, gingili.
2012 China University Ranking
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