City overview
Jiujiang is located in northern Jiangxi Province. It is a famous cultural and tourist city in south of the Yangtze River with about 2200 years of history, famous scenic spots are all over the city, they are the famous mountain (Mt.Lushan), famous river (Yangtze River), famous lake (Poyang Lake). In 1992, the State Council approved it as an Open City.
Jiujiang, formerly called Kiukiang, is a prefecture-level city located on the southern shores of the Yangtze River in northwest Jiangxi Province, China. It is the second largest city in Jiangxi province, the largest one being Nanchang. "Jiujiang" literally means "nine rivers".
Geography and Transportation
Jiujiang is located between longitude 113o57’E. and 116o53’E. and latitude 28o47’N. And 30o06’N. The physical features of Jiujiang is that the east and the west are high and middle part is low and the south is higher, the average elevation is 32m(elevation of urban district is 20m), the highest peak is the Jiuling Mountain 1794m high in Xiushui. The mountainous areas comprise 16.4% of the total of Jiujiang, hilly land 44.5%, lakes 18%. There is 3.6522 million mu (about 244697.4 hectares) of cultivated land, so people say, “six mountain, two water, one and a half cropland, road and manor are divided into halves.”
Jiujiang covers a transitional area between the central sub-tropical and northern sub-tropical regions. Jiujiang is a city with a temperate climate, ample rainfall, ample sunshine and four distinctive seasons.
Jiujiang is an important place that is connected with Five Mountains, over three Rivers, with the strategic position of the passage to seven provinces. Because of convenient water transportation, adding rich resources, Jiujiang was a famous commercial port and metropolis in ancient times, was the central city of communication of people and goods.
Yangtze River is the longest and the biggest water thoroughfare from east to west. Beijing-Kowloon railway is the longest and the highest modern land thoroughfare from south to north in China, the two big arteries join here, so Jiujiang become the golden cross juncture with the Yangtze River extending from the east to the west, with the Beijiang-Kowloon Railway linking the north with the south.
The land and water modern transportation is very convenient. Jiujaing port is one of the biggest ports of Yangtze River valley, its passenger transportation and freight transportation is numbering the second and the fourth of all the ports along the Yangtze River. Beijing-Kowloon Railway, Wujiu (Wuhan-Jiujiang), Hejiu(Hefei-Jiujiang) join together, Tongjiu(Tongling-Jiujiang)railways are constructing now; Changjiu and Jiujing Expressways and the 105, 316 national highways pass through Jiujiang. Jiujiang airport is running actively.
Industry and Economy
Primary industries include: Petrochemical refinement, Agricultural chemical production, Import/export (through river port)
In the pattern of national economic development, Jiujiang is the transitional area between the developments from east coastal areas to mid-west areas is the joint of development regions of Jiujiang-Kowloon Railway and Yangtze River, is located in very important place. In the pattern of Yangtze River valley, Jiujiang is the juncture of economic districts of Shanghai and Wuhan, is also the juncture of Jiangxi, Hubei, Hunan, Anhui Province; In the pattern of Jiujiang-Kowloon Railway, Jiujiang is the only water and land communication center, link up all parts of the four directions; In the pattern of development of Jiangxi province, Jiujiang is the only foreign trade port extending rivers and seas, is the northern gate which connects Jiangxi Province and Yangtze River Development areas and coastal opening areas.
Jiujiang is one of China’s key bases of commodity grain, cotton, and oil as well as Jiangxi’s silk-making base. With a fairly solid industrial foundation and a substantial industrial potential, Jiujiang has an industrial system consisting of such pillar industries as petrochemical, textile & garment, metallurgy & building materials, auto making, electronics & electric power, and food processing. Jiujiang has long been an important commercial port.
A series of big scientific and technological projects have been carried out, the scientific and technological findings have been brought into actual use rapidly, and the abilities of scientific and technological innovations have been consolidated. The transformation rate of scientific and technological findings has been up 10.2% in comparison with that of the Ninth Five-Year Plan.
2012 China University Ranking
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