Ming Tombs
Burring as much as 13 emperors in one place, the Ming Tombs are the best-preserved mausoleums of the emperors. The amazing number and extensive scale of the tombs enable it enjoys the reputation of “the mausoleum group which holds most emperors”. Sit in the embrace of green mountains, the tombs wear an air of mysterious and solemn.
The Ming Dynasty Tombs are located some 50 kilometers due north of urban Beijing at a specially selected site. The site was chosen by the third Ming Dynasty emperor Yongle (1402 - 1424), who moved the capital of China from Nanjing to the present location of northwest Beijing. The Ming tombs of the 13 emperors of the Ming Dynasty were located on the southern slope of Mount Taishou (originally Mount Huangtu). He is credited with envisioning the layout of the ancient city of Beijing as well as a number of landmarks and monuments located therein. After the construction of the Imperial Palace (the Forbidden City) in 1420, the Yongle Emperor selected his burial site and created his own mausoleum. Because of its long history, palatial and integrated architecture, the site has a high cultural and historic value.
History and Culture
The earliest tomb is the Emperor Yongle’s Mausoleum, first built in 1409. And in the following dynasties, another 12 emperors were successively buried here, with the last one buried in 1644. The mausoleums have been perfectly preserved, as has the necropolis of each of the many emperors. The layout and arrangement of all thirteen mausoleums are very similar but vary in size as well as in the complexity of their structures.
The site of the Ming Dynasty Imperial Tombs was carefully chosen according to Feng Shui (geomancy) principles. According to these, bad spirits and evil winds descending from the North must be deflected; therefore, an arc-shaped area at the foot of the Jundu Mountains north of Beijing was selected. This 40 square kilometer area - enclosed by the mountains in a pristine, quiet valley full of dark earth, tranquil water and other necessities as per Feng Shui - would become the necropolis of the Ming Dynasty. In 1961, the Ming Tombs was declared as the key national heritage protective unit.
Admission Fee: Changling Tomb: CNY 30 (Nov.1 to Mar. 31), CNY 45 (Apr. 1 to Oct. 31); Dingling Tomb: CNY40 (Nov.1 to Mar. 31), CNY 60 (Apr. 1 to Oct. 31)
Opening Hours: Changling Tomb: 08:30 to 17:30; Dingling Tomb: 08:30 to 18:00
1. Take No. 695 bus at the Beijing West Railway Station, change to No. 345 bus at the station of Jianxiangqiaobei, then Change No.22 bus at Baifu, finally arrive at Ming Tombs.
2. Take No.359 bus at the Beijing Capital Airport, change to No. 735 bus at the station of HepingFarm, and then change to No.845 bus at the station of Jiandemenqiao, and finally get off at the station of Ming Tombs.
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