City overview
Located at the eastern part of China, Nanjing is the capital of Jiangsu Province which is developed in economy in China and an important central city on the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River.
 
Nanjing is situated on the vast plain of the lower reaches of the Yangtze River and at 32°03'N, 118°47'E. It belongs to the northern subtropical monsoon climate zone where the four seasons are clearly demarcated, the annual mean temperature is 16, the annual even precipitation is 1,106 mm and the frost-free period is 237 days. At present, Nanjing has jurisdiction over 10 districts and 5 counties, covering an area of 6,516 square kilometers and having a population of about 5,200,000. With its majestic landscapes and epic history and cultures, it has become a hotspot for tourists who always fall in love with the city.
 
General Information
Nanjing occupies an area of about 6.6 thousand sq km. (1.6 million acres), with a population of more than 6 million. Known as one of China's'Three Stoves' (the others are Chongqing and Wuhan, Nanjing's temperatures in summer can reach a high of over 40 Celsius degree (104 F. degree) while the coldest days in winter can drop to less than minus 10 Celsius degree (14 F. degree). It still has a regular rainy season from June to July every year. So the spring and autumn are the more favorable times to visit weather-wisely and autumn is especially scenic when the maple leaves turn bright red.
 
History and Culture
Nanjing is one of the best-known ancient capital cities in China and vaunts a long history and deep cultures. The excavation of the skulls of ancient prehistoric men in the city dates Nanjing's civilization back to 350 thousand years ago. The city itself was built more than 2,400 years ago in the area southwest of the huge Zhonghua Gate. The gate was critical for many military functions. Since the third century AD, ten dynasties in China, including the epochal Republic of China founded by Sun Yat-sen, established Nanjing as their capital.
 
Industry and Economy
Nanjing is an important industrial base of China where a multi-producing industrial system taking electronics, automobiles, chemicals and a number of special products as the leading factors and having 36 industrial trades, over 200 industrial branches and more than 2,000 categories of products have been established. The industrial output value of the whole city in 1995 amounted to 81,800 million Yuan, a 24.4% increase over the previous year, and the ratio of output to sales reached 96.4% which took the lead throughout the province.
 
Nanjing is a major international commercial port in the Yangtze delta region, second only to Shanghai. The total turn over of retail sales of the social consumer goods in 1995 amounted to 24 billion Yuan, a 27% growth over the previous year, ranking among ten major cities of the country. The monetary market plays an important controlling role in the economic operation of the city.
 
Transportation and Communication
Five means of transportation such as railway, waterway, air transport and piping constitute a three-dimensional and mass transport volume traffic network in an all-round way. Nanjing Port is a port for foreign trade leading to the ocean. The port area is 98 kilometers in full length and has 64 berths including 16 berths for ships with a tonnage of more than 10,000. Within the boundary of Nanjing, there are over 60 highway long-distance passenger traffic lines leading to all parts of the province; the Tianjin-Pukou, Shanghai-Nanjing and Nanjing-Wuhu Trunk Railways meet in Nanjing which has become an important hub of railways linking north China, east China with central China. After extension, the Nanjing Airport has more than 20 air lines leading to all major cities in the country. With the start of construction of the new airport, Nanjing will have an international modernized airport. Being one of six major telecommunication hubs in the country, Nanjing has a telecommunication network which is composed of multiple modes and linking with all parts of the country and all countries in the world.
 
Development
Nowadays, Nanjing has developed into a multiple-producing industrial base in eastern China, an important hub of transportation and communication center, one of China's four major scientific research and educational central cities. The gross national products of the whole city in 1995 amounted to 58 billion Yuan, a 12% increase over the previous year.
2012 China University Ranking
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