City overview
City Impression
- Stronghold of Rivers and the Sea
- The meeting place of Nine Rivers
- Pearl of the Bohai
 
Numbers
30---No. 30 of Chinese provincial-level administrative regions
11,919.7---The total area is 11,919.7 square kilometers
137---It is 137 kilometers from Tianjin to Beijing
 
Geography and Climate
Located from 38 degree 34' to 40 degree 15' for north latitude and from 116 degree 43' to 118 degree 4' for east longitude, it's at the Northeast of North China and the lower reaches of the Haihe River. The total area is 11919.7 square kilometers. The length from south to north is 189 kilometers and the width from east to west is 117 kilometers. The Bohai Sea is on its east and the Yan Mountain is on its north. It is 137 kilometers from Tianjin to Beijing, calculated from the downtown center of Tianjin. Tianjin is the gate of the capital in geography.
 
Tianjin falls within the temperate zone, and, being a port city in northern China, it is frequently affected by tidal air currents. The annual average temperature here is about 13 degrees C. July is the hottest month, with the temperature above 26 degrees C., while January is the coldest, when below freezing temperatures can be expected. The annual precipitation of the city is not much, although occasionally plagued by monsoon weather in summer time. Despite the fact that there are cloudless skies almost two-fifths of the year here, it is suggested that travelers visit Tianjin either in spring or in autumn, when it is neither to hot nor too cold.
 
History
The history of Tianjin dates back to the digging of the Grand Cannal in Sui Dynasty (581-618). The present Sancha Hekou near Jin’ gang Bridge used to be the confluence of the South Canal and the North Canal. And it is from this place that Tianjin has expanded and developed. After the middle period of Tang Dynasty (618-907), Tianjin developed into a ferry terminal for the transportation of grain and silk from the south to the north. In Jin Dynasty (1115-1234) and Yuan Dynasty (1206-1368), with the establishment of “Zhigu Zhai” and “Haijin Town”, Tianjin became a town of great military significance as well as a hub for the water transportation of grains.
 
Tianjin in Modern Times
After Tianjin became a treaty port in 1860, many western powers rushed to establish their own concessions in Tianjin. For this reason, Tianjin was among the first few cities in North China to open up and it became a base for the Westernization Movement. Besides, Tianjin also took the lead in China in military modernization, the construction of railroads, telegraph, telephone, post, mining, modern education and legal systems. At that time, Tianjin was the second largest industrial and commercial city in China and largest financial and trade center in the north.
2012 China University Ranking
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