Welcome to Solemn and Religious--Tongxin Mosque
The Tongxin Mosque is one of the largest structures in Islamic architecture with a long history in Ningxia. The Tongxin Mosque sits in the old city of Tongxin County, Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region. It is believed that the mosque was built during the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644). According to inscriptions on the tablets, the mosque experienced two large-scale renovations in 1791 and 1907.
History and Culture
The Tongxin Mosque combines Chinese traditional wooden structures with Islamic wood and brick carvings, reflecting a high standard architectural technique. When the Chinese Worker's and Peasants' Red Army went on a westward campaign in 1936, liberating large areas in southeast Ningxia, they held a meeting there with delegates from all walks of life. They also set up the Yuhai County People's Government in Shanganning, making the old mosque a famous piece of revolutionary architecture in Ningxia.
The elaborate detailing of the structural wooden elements of the mosque is unique to Ningxia and to Gansu and Qinghai, which lie to the west. Supporting the roofs are five tiers of ruyi type dougong brackets. The convex eaves of the roof reveal the numerous rafters of the wooden structure below. Clusters of these elaborate brackets, combined with the tiered capitals supporting them, create a visually rich transition from the columns to the roof. Dougong brackets were reserved for use in special buildings such as temples and palaces during the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644). Floral wooden latticework adorns the lambrequins of the portico. The portico of the prayer hall opens onto a courtyard to the east, which is flanked by lecture halls to the north and south; they are a Ming addition to the local mosque typology. The complex was originally entered from a gateway facing south, of which only the drum stone remains today.
Admission fee: 5 RMB/person
Opening hours: 8:00-18:00
1. Take flight to Yinchuan Airport or take train to Yinchuan Railway Station first.
2. Take a taxi to Tongxin Mosque and it’s very convenient.
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