Xidi Village
Xidi is a village in southern Anhui province, which was declared a part of the “Ancient Villages in Southern Anhui” World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 2000. It was first built during the reign of emperor Huangyou during the Song Dynasty (960-1279 AD) and was originally called Xichuan (West River), because of the water courses which flow through the village.
 
The rise of Xidi Village was closely tied to the fortunes of the Hu family. During the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) members of this family began to act as merchants by 1465, which gave rise to the construction of major private buildings and public infrastructure. By the middle of the 17th century, the influence wielded by members of the Hu family expanded from commerce into politics. The prosperity of Xidi peaked in the 18th and 19th centuries, at which time the village comprised about 600 residences.
 
The street pattern of Xidi is dominated by a main road which runs in east-west direction and is flanked by two parallel streets. These major streets are jointed by many narrow alley ways. Small open spaces are confined to areas immediately in front of the main public buildings, such as the Hall of Respect, the Hall of Reminiscence, and the Memorial Archway of the Governor.
 
The three carving styles including those on stones, bricks and wood are the most renowned. Tourists can appreciate these exquisite carvings on door frames, lattice walls, columns and beams in the halls. The birds, flowers, grass and figures on them are vividly presented. Both the Ming and Qing Dynasty carvings display poise and refinement.
 
Unparalleled Value in Architecture
Until today, there are some 200 well-preserved buildings in Ming and Qing Dynasties. These architecture with distinctive Hui Features scattered in the village, decorated with wooden and stone carvings. Most of the buildings in the Xidi village are made from black marbles. Two streams flow through the village, and 99 lanes make the tourists feel like in maze. At present, there are about twelve well-preserved residences open to the public. But the normal lives of the residents are not greatly disturbed by the tourism, and only make explanations occasionally, or promote the local handicrafts. 
 
Admission fee: RMB 80/person (For reference)
 
Opening hours: 08:00~16:00
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