Lugu Lake---Fairyland on the Earth
Lying 200 kilometers away from the center of Lijiang City, Yunnan Province and covering an area of 50 square kilometers with the average water depth of 45 meters and the transparency 11 meters, Lugu Lake is like a beautiful pearl shining among the hills of the northwest plateau in Yunnan.
Lugu Lake is encircled with hills. The water is clean and inviting, with fish swimming in it. It is considered a fairyland by local people due to its fresh air and amazing scenery. The vista of the lake changes constantly throughout the day. The morning mist mixed with the light of the rising sun gives the lake an orange glow covered by mist. When the light of sun causes the hills to throw their shadows onto the water, the lake has a jade green color. The lake is calm and dark green in the evening when the sun sinks, and is peaceful when night comes. Gentle wind blows and water ripples.
Here everything looks as if it has not been disturbed by human beings at all and still remains in its primitive state. Lugu Lake has the fame of a fabled abode of immortals and "Plateau Pearl" for its pure and virgin land of natural landscapes. The weather is pleasant - it is cool in summer and warm in winter. All the seasons are as comfortable as spring, but the best seasons to come here are spring and summer when the hills are emerald green, the flowers are in bloom and the birds are singing happily.
The inhabitants around the lake are the Mosuo people, a small tribe that is considered a sub clan of Naxi people. They still keep their matriarchal society system. Children are brought up by women, and use the surname of their mothers. Families are composed of the members of the matrilineal kin. Women operate production and management, and hold the principal position in the society, forming a modern day “woman's kingdom”, which adds mystique to this place.
Lugu Lake, a colorful ethnic custom painting, attracts visitors all over the world.  It is an ideal place for traveling, holidays, recuperation and scientific research.
Mosuo Culture
The male and female youth of the Mosuo people, having fostered mutual love in the long period of productive labour and social activities, begin to reciprocate "tokens". The male party, in accordance with his economic conditions, presents the female party with gold or silver ornaments, jade bracelets, beads and silk threads, etc. The "tokens" returned by the female party are generally some personal accessories which the other party likes. Given such affection on both sides, the seniors of the male party would bring some "loquat meat", and some tea, sugar or wine to pay a visit to those of the female party. Once agreement is obtained from them, an axia (spouse) relationship is established for the two. However, such relationship can also be fixed without going through the above procedure. After this the two parties continue to live in their own homes. The male "axia" labours for his home in the daytime, and goes to the female "axia" at night for cohabiting with her in her home. The family of the female "axia" looks upon the male as one of its own members. During the rush farming season, the male "axia" goes to the home of the other party to help with work. Those who have fixed their "axia" relationship call each other "azhu", which means "dear companion", but never husband or wife. Therefore, it is not appropriate to speak of "father", who instead is only referred to as "maternal uncle". The female is predominant and is therefore the leader of a family. With the Mosuos goddess worship and the remnants of the matriarchal period, the Luguhu Lake area is indeed one of the rare specimens of "The Female's Kingdom" in the world and a 'living fossil of the matriarchal society hard to come by".
Admission fee: Free
Opening hours: The whole day
1. Take a train from Chengdu to Xichang, then transfer to a bus to Lugu Lake. (About RMB 75)
2. Take a train from Kunming to Lijiang, then transfer to a bus heading for Ninglang.
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