Welcome to Mausoleum of Qinshihuang
As one of the greatest archaeological discoveries of the last century occurred in March 1974, it is near the city of Xian in the north-central province of Shaanxi. Farmers digging for water unearthed a fragment of a warrior figure, part of the Terra Cotta Army of Qinshihuang, who ruled between 246 and 210 BC. The mausoleum is located about 7.5 kilometers from Lintong County, Xian in Shaanxi province.
History and Culture
The construction of the Mausoleum of Qinshihuang began as soon as he ascended the throne in 246 BC. The work intensified after the conquest of the rival states employing 720, 00 workers for a period of 39 years. Li Si - minister of Qin also supervised the project which was halted in 208 BC., when the capital was besieged by the rebel troops.
The site chosen was south of the Weihe River beside the slopes of Black Horse Mountain in what is now Lintong county, 30 kilometers (18 miles) from Xian. Screened by the five peaks of Mt. Lishan, the site coincides with traditional Chinese geomantic omens as an ideal burial place for emperors who held the belief that they would spend their afterlife in another world.
The appearance of the mausoleum is of a low earth pyramid with a wide base. It is said to have been plundered at least once, but no excavations have yet been done. Information about the construction of the mausoleum comes almost entirely from the brush of Sima Qian, the author of The Historical Records, which was written about a century after the fall of Qin.
Records state that the mausoleum, which covers 56.25 square kilometers, was a microcosmic replica of the Qin capital. Originally, double rectangular walls surrounded the mound with gates on the four cardinal points resembling the imperial city. The inner wall measured 1,355 meters from north to south and 580 meters from east to west, with a perimeter of 3,870 meters. The length of the outer wall was 2,165 meters from north to south and 940 meters from east to west.
Admission fee: 40RMB/person (Peak season); 20RMB/person (Low season)
Opening hours: 7:30-18:30